Turkana, Land Of Golden Sun


Turkana National Park

Like trying to retell a dream, recounting a beautiful sunset is a futile enterprise. The colors, the scale–the true nature of the land is ineffable. What’s more, such beauty is ultimately subjective in the first place. Turkana, known in the local language as Aturksve, is a county in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. Turkana is the largest and also the north-western most county in Kenya. The atmosphere doesn’t get the credit it deserves as the land bursts with a heritage older than any in Kenya.

They say adventure comes to those who seek it. A ride through the firm trails with the fading orange glow chasing the dust trails left behind does just that.  It is an experience worth the journey and time and you’ll surely not leave empty handed. Why? Because we don’t remember days we remember moments.

The few places remaining in Africa of today where you can witness a traditional culture of such beauty and integrity is in this sun kissed land.. The Turkana culture is vivified by a unique wealth of dresses, hairstyles, jewellery, sayings, tales, songs, craftsmanship and knowledge. A visit to Turkana Land offers you the chance to experience the fascinating pastoralist way of life.

Lake Turkana

 Lake Turkana, formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley of true masterpiece that could only have been done by the greatest artist, Mother Nature. It is the world’s largest permanent desert lake and the world’s largest alkaline lake and by volume it is the world’s fourth-largest salt lake. The rocks of the surrounding area are predominantly volcanic. Central Island is an active volcano, emitting vapor. Outcrops and rocky shores are found on the east and south shores of the lake, while dunes, spits and flats are on the west and north, at a lower elevationA visit there is assured to take your breath away.


“Going there soon for its beaches and boat safaris to the central island. Magnificent. Its true you can sleep at the beaches of lake Turkana without any worries whatsoever” – says Paxton Miller


Turkana offers a range of unique landscapes and ecosystems as well as an impressive, intact traditional culture. Whether you are after bird watching, a wildlife safari, archeological experiences, relaxing on the beach or simply out for new discoveries – Turkana has it all!

1. Central Island National Park – Exit our planet!

Fiebig Turkana-2863


As its name suggests, Central Island grows out of the water in the middle of Lake Turkana. Being of volcanic origin, the island owns three crater lakes, one being home for tilapia fish, another one for thousands of flamingos and the third one for crocodiles. Central Island is also an important breeding place for crocodiles and a diverse avi fauna, and this is why it is protected as a national park. You can explore the island on foot, it takes only about one hour to climb the highest point from where you enjoy unrivalled vistas over Lake Turkana. If equipped with a tent you may also stay overnight which will give you the chance to watch the changing colors of marvelous sunrises and sunsets, and the glittering of myriads of stars. As you have to share the island only with a few rangers, thousands of birds and an unknown crocodile number, and because the volcanic landscape is so weird, be prepared to have an out-of-this world feeling … The ultimate place for lovers of birds, great landscapes and serenity!

2. The beaches of Eliye Springs 

Fiebig Turkana-6826

Just 50 kilometres east of Lodwar lies Eliye Springs, a small resort that, back in the 1970ies enjoyed astonishing popularity with the international jet set who flew in from Nairobi with private planes to spend a weekend angling on the lake and partying on the beach. Eliye Springs surely is the greatest place to unwind: It has a very laid-back atmosphere, endless palm fringed sand beaches, a massive sand dune from which you enjoy a panoramic view of Lake Turkana, and a lack of mobile network. So Lodwar people come here on the weekend when they want to be unreachable and enjoy total peace and fun. Close to the name giving mineral spring there is a comfortable lodge with good food, and further down the beach you will find a number of basic campsites, all being fit to offer you total relaxation to end your Turkana safari with. ‘Kabissa’, by the way means ‘completely’ in Swahili …

3. Ferguson Gulf

Fiebig Turkana-6716

Ferguson Gulf is a huge bay full of shallow water, confined towards Lake Turkana by a sandy ridge overgrown by doum palm trees – a terrific landscape! Everybody around seems to be busy fishing, thousands of pelicans, flamingos and yellow billed storks as well as the local fishermen who practise their trade with sailing boats, canoes with outboard engines or traditional rafts which supposedly are the most ancient vessels of human kind. It all explains why the nearby town of Kalokol is the centre of Turkana’s fishing industry. At Ferguson Gulf, you can watch the work of the fishermen and accompany them when they go out to the lake, do some bird watching or simply come to marvel at the sunrises and sunsets which turn the orange waters into fluid fervour.

4. Kalokol Standing Stones 

Fiebig Turkana-8149

People don’t expect a mythical experience right next to a main road. But so it may happen at Namorutunga when you drive from Lodwar to Kalokol. A gang of local elders can tell you all about the people of stone, which is the literal translation of the local name of the site. As the tale goes, the basalt pillars once where people dancing who where cursed and turned into stone by an angry sorcerer. Archeologists are not so sure that this is the true origin of the site but rather suspect that it has been a place of worship since approximately 2,000 years. Whatever the truth might be, it is beyond doubt that Namorutunga has been a spiritual power place for people since a very long time. The local Turkana still pray here, which you can tell by the many pebbles that are placed on the stone pillars. When you pay a visit, talk to the people of stone or simply have a look at the open air temple which is presumably two millenia old …

5. The hot waterfalls of Kapedo – Jump into Mother Nature’s bathing tub!

Fiebig Turkana-7103
On arrival in Kapedo, the border town of Baringo and Turkana County on the road running up from Lake Baringo, visitors probably will rub their eyes in disbelief when they see the major attraction of the region: Two boiling hot waterfalls that plunge over a small escarpment before merging with Suguta river! Kapedo itself is a picturesque village where traditional grass thatched huts prevail. The surrounding has also a lot of charm with Silali volcano to the east and Tiati hills to the west which both are a rewarding hiking terrain. After walking the hills you can treat your tired legs with a swim in the huge bathing tub of Mother Nature, the warm waters of Suguta river. Whether you prefer it boiling hot or lukewarm, you will find the right water temperature depending on how close you are to the merger of the hot streams with Suguta river!

6. Lobolo Swamp – Mingle with flamingos!

Fiebig Turkana-2025
A unique ensemble of sand dunes, lakescape, doom palm trees and a swampy lagoon characterize the area of Lobolo swamp. Myriads of flamingo, holy ibis and other waterfowl have chosen it as their stomping ground. In case you are a bird watcher or merely a nature lover, you will enjoy staying and unwinding here very much! There is an exclusive tented camp near a natural spring covered by a shady palm groove, right at the shores of beautiful Lake Turkana. Whether you simply want a calm time to unwind or explore the surroundings on foot together with the camp’s naturalist and mingle with the resident flamingos, you will have a rewarding time in Lobolo, just some 20 kilometres north of Eliye Springs.

7. Turkana Tourist and Cultural Festival 

Fiebig Turkana-9121

Thousands of people from Turkana, the neighbouring countries of Uganda, South Sudan and Ethiopia as well as Nairobi and from overseas flock to the annual Turkana Tourist and Cultural Festival which is held on the second weekend of August at Ekaleez Centre at the fringes of Lodwar. The festival program is diverse and comprises of the display of traditional Turkana houses, an exhibition and trade fair for companies and organisations, a market with traditional produce, such as bead works and woven baskets and, most important: a popular stage program. Dance troupes from all over Turkana display their artistry and various famous Kenyan singers boil up the crowd. At night, when the air gets as smooth as silk, the festival grounds turn into a huge nyama choma area, where people sit under the sparkling stars, listening to music, talking, eating, laughing and making new friends until dawn – festival atmosphere at its best!

8. Lokori Standing Stones and Rock Art 

Fiebig Turkana-7717
In Lokori, not too far from the banks of Kerio river, there is one of Turkana’s most impressive archeological sites, an ensemble of numerous circles of standing stones and two hills bearing mysterious rock art engravings. The local people will insist that the standing stone slabs once have been dancers turned into rocks by a wizard, similar to the stories you might have heard at the Namorutunga site near Kalokol. But again, archeologists suspect other origins. Whether a graveyard or a site with another purpose – it surely must have been a place of important rituals. When you come to Lokori, catch up with the spirit of the place, imagine to be Indiana Jones and try to figure out the meaning of the many enigmatic rock art symbols on the nearby hills. Can you guess their significance?

9. Nariokotome Turkana Boy Monument 

Fiebig Turkana-8548

Where do we originally come from? Possibly from Nariokotome, near the shores of Lake Turkana! This is at least where the remnants of the world famous Turkana Boy where found, a near complete skeleton of an approximately 1.6 million year old Homo erectus. This early human species is generally regarded by scientists as one of our direct ancestors. A monumental pillar and a brass replica of the Turkana Boy mark the spot where Kamoya Kimeu, a researcher of Dr. Richard Leakey’s scientific team detected the fossil in 1984. Many more important hominid findings have been made in other parts of Turkana County such as the oldest known stone tools with a suspected age of 3.5 million years, which support Turkana’s claim to be the Cradle of Mankind.

10. South Turkana National Reserve 

Fiebig Turkana-3085
When travelling from Kitale to Lodwar, most people drive past Turkana’s largest nature reserve without even sensing what they are missing. South Turkana National Reserve is probably one of the least visited nature reserves in the whole of Kenya but it is a hidden gem! Chances to meet other tourists there are minimal. So why don’t you just fancy to possess your own private national park?! You can explore South Turkana by 4WD or on foot. You may see oryx antelopes, gazelles, warthogs, a wonderful birdlife, even lions and leopards and most prominently: elephants! Animals are shyer and harder to trace than in the popular parks of Southern Kenya, but in exchange for that you don’t have to share them with a pack of minibuses. The true adventure of South Turkana is its scenic beauty of vast plains with anthills of record breaking height and singular mountains, anyway.

11. Koobi Fora

The site with a museum lies on the eastern shores of Lake Turkana. Koobi Fora is one of the world’s leading pre-historic sites for the study of human evolution. In 1972 the area was gazetted as Sibiloi national park and is a World Heritage Site since 1977.

12. Sand Dunes

The sand dunes are best enjoyed in a four-wheel drive adventure to an oasis surrounded by palm trees. The dunes measure over 40 feet high with breathtaking sceneries.

13. Sibiloi National Park

Dubbed “The Cradle of Mankind”. It lies on the northeastern shore of Lake Turkana about 800km from Nairobi. The semi-desert ecosystem was established to protect its petrified cedar forest, wildlife and the unique prehistoric and archaeological sites linked to the origin of man.

The park is waterless except for the alkaline lake. It is nonetheless rich in wildlife such as zebra, giraffe, hippo, crocodile and numerous bird species such as flamingos, pelicans and ducks. Other attractions are the preserved wildlife fossils, which include the Giant Tortoise and the 20-foot long crocodile.